Virtually every trainer, boarding stable, and breeding farm has encountered the problem of horses left in their care without payment. Unfortunately, these businesses sometimes make wrong assumptions about their rights and legal responsibilities. Wrong assumptions can lead to bad decisions, multiple lawsuits, and even criminal proceedings. This article discusses mistakes stables sometimes make in these situations and offers ideas for avoiding them.
Never Assume You Can Sell The Horse Your Own Way And On Your Own Time
Faced with past-due board problems, stables have been known to sell off horses and pocket the proceeds without approval from the non-paying horse owners. Situations like these are ripe for legal trouble for reasons that include:
Stablemen’s lien laws – Most states have stablemen’s lien laws (sometimes called “agister’s lien laws”) that require stables to follow specific procedures before they can sell off horses belonging to others for unpaid board. Over the years, this author has written about these laws and how they differ around the country. Depending on the law, procedures can be complicated and expensive to pursue. Before selling a horse due to non-payment, stables would be wise to consult with a knowledgeable lawyer to understand the applicable law.
Civil suits for depriving the non-paying owner’s property rights – Selling off horses without proper advance permission from the owners is an invitation for trouble on a few fronts. Non-paying horse owners might sue the stable, claiming it “stole” or converted their horse without permission. Depending on the law, consequences can be harsh. For example, lawsuits might claim conversion and seek up to three times the value of the horse, plus the non-paying boarder’s legal fees and costs.
Criminal charges for theft – Potentially, the police and prosecutor’s office might take interest in pursuing criminal charges against a stable or trainer that sold off a boarded horse without permission.
Lawsuit from the buyer – A hasty sale to relieve a stable of a horse with unpaid board could generate litigation from the buyer. That is, a disgruntled buyer might sue the stable challenging its sale on the basis that the stable lacked clear title. A buyer might also challenge the sale because the breed registry won’t transfer the registration papers.
Never Assume You Can Tack On Any Rate Of Interest
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